What is Distraction Osteogenesis

Dentist tools ready for implants

Bone additions represent the process by which the specialist repairs destroyed maxillary bone. If you want to have a dental implants Buffalo Grove offices do, but x-rays and/ or dental tomography show that you have a fragile, short or thin jaw due to bone loss, then surgery will be needed to perform the bone addition. Your jaw may show bone loss due to the physiological process of aging, wearing long-term mobile prostheses, missing teeth, periodontal disease, or as a result of an accident.

Vertical bone augmentation is currently one of the biggest challenges in oral implantology. The decrease of the vertical dimension of the alveolar ridge, in apico-coronary sense, associated with a deficit of soft tissue that can cover the graft or with a small surface available for revascularization prevents the proper insertion of the implants, without respecting the crown / implant ratio.

Many of the methods of augmenting the alveolar ridge have disadvantages. The use of autogenous bone grafts may be accompanied by bone necrosis or resorption, while guided bone regeneration is useful especially in the case of small alveolar ridge defects. The use of allogeneic materials also involves the risk of local infections.

Distraction osteogenesis thus becomes an alternative to alloplastic or autogenic augmentation with bone graft or guided bone regeneration, and platelet-enriched plasma (PRP) helps prevent complications, due to its antimicrobial and tissue repair properties.